Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) is considered one of the most complex interventions in aesthetic facial surgery, since any inaccuracy or error of the surgeon causes severe patient experiences. Blepharoplasty was born at the very beginning of the last century.
There were a variety of methods for removing excess skin from the upper and lower eyelids. In most cases, only the skin was cut out, which often led to a change in the shape of the eyes themselves, and after that the patients remained unhappy with their appearance. Since then, the methods of blepharoplasty have improved, and in recent years there has been a tendency to remove less and less skin. Instead, the efforts of doctors are aimed at interventions on muscles and fatty excesses of the eyelids.
Often, blepharoplasty is indicated not only to improve the appearance. At an older age, the skin of the upper eyelids can sag so much that it obscures the field of vision. And because of the sagging tissues of the lower eyelids, they lag behind the eyeball, which causes lacrimation and chronic conjunctivitis. The skin of the eyelids is the thinnest in the human body. Its thickness is less than a millimeter. Under the skin is a thin circular eye muscle, with the contraction of which the eyelids are closed. The skin of the eyelids heals better than the skin on any other part of the body. If the seam passes in a natural fold, it is almost impossible to see it. Often carried out plastic upper and lower eyelids simultaneously. The plastic of the lower eyelids is referred to as the lower eyelid blepharoplasty. On preliminary consultation to the patient it is important to get full information about what can be expected from the operation. The usual result is a more open, fresh and lively look with less swelling and swelling around the eyes. The surgeon should draw the patient's attention to the position of the eyebrows, as often the lowering of the eyebrows is the main cause of excess skin on the upper eyelids. This is checked by slightly lifting your eyebrows with your fingers. If the excess skin disappears, endoscopic forehead lift is necessary, or its combination with blepharoplasty, but more sparing.
Eyelid surgery does not provide for the elimination of fine wrinkles around the eyes. This requires other procedures, for example - chemical peeling. In younger patients who have fatty hernias but do not have significant excess skin, transconjunctival blepharoplasty is performed, that is, excess fat is removed through small punctures on the inner surface of the eyelid. Plastic surgery allows you to perform such an operation outwardly completely without a trace. An important measure in preparing for surgery is abstinence within two weeks of taking medications that reduce blood clotting, such as aspirin or antigrippin. Blepharoplasty is usually performed under local anesthesia, although it is possible under anesthesia. The duration of the operation is ten to fifteen minutes per century. Do you want to know the price of blepharoplasty? Then write to specialists.
After surgery, the patient can leave the hospital. The sutures are removed on the second - the third day. With a properly performed operation, the patient receives a very effective result. Postoperative scars on the face, within 2-4 weeks become almost invisible. Swelling occurs after 7 to 10 days.